Every year about a million foreign workers apply for a Canadian work visa and wish to work in the country on a temporary basis. As a foreigner to work in Canada, you must obtain the working permit. In order to obtain the work permit for all the foreign workers, you will need an offer letter from the Canadian employer. Once you provide the offer letter to the embassy, the Temporary Work Visa will be issued to you by the ESDC or commonly known as Employment and Social Development Canada. There are different steps to this procedure. Depending upon your citizenship of your home country, you will also need to apply for the TRV or the Temporary Resident VISA in order to reach Canada. Below mentioned are the steps you should follow to obtain the Canadian work visa:
- Step 1: If necessary, your employer will apply for the Labour Market Impact Assessment.
- Step 2: Employer will extend your job offer temporarily for a period of time.
- Step 3: Foreign worker will have to apply for his or her work permit
- Step 4: Work permit will be issued.
Step 1: If necessary, your employer will apply for the Labour Market Impact Assessment.
Before you receive the temporary work visa, your employer who is hiring you as a temporary foreign employee will have to apply for the working permit and obtain the LMIA (Labour Market Impact Assessment) by the ESDC. The ESDC will assess that there are no citizens of Canada who are interested in doing the job or any other permanent resident accepting this job offer. Once they have assessed all these options, ESDC will issue the positive clearance and instruct your employer to proceed to hire you as a temporary worker.
Work permits will be issued by the immigration officials of Canada without the LMIA approval under a limited number of circumstances, such as
- Under the international agreements like NAFTA or North American Free Trade Agreement
- Due to some important cultural, economic, or social advantages that your work will bring to the Canadians.
- As a part of the Canadian reciprocal agreements and its part of territories or provinces that may have entered into different countries, like youth, teacher exchange courses or programs, and so on.
- It may also be granted keeping in mind about the international students who are studying in Canada and can fulfill their academic needs such as co-op placements, and so on.
- To permit the common-law partners or the spouses of the Work Visa and specific study visa holders to apply jobs in Canada.
- You will be granted LMIA if the nature of your work is related to Charity or any other religious matters.
- In recognition that specific individuals in Canada for reasons that are not mentioned above, like the making of a claim of refugees, required to support themselves.
Step 2: Employer will extend your job offer temporarily for a period of time.
Once the LMIA is approved by the ESDC, your employer in Canada will be able to give you the job offer temporarily if you are a foreigner. The employer will definitely send a positive LMIA copy that the company would have received by the ESDC along with the detailed description of your offer letter. You must have to go through the job offer letter and the LMIA letter in order to understand the requirements and accordingly act once you start working in Canada.
Step 3: Foreign worker will have to apply for his or her work permit
With all these documents explaining you about your job, compensations, rules, regulations, and the benefits you would be getting once you are completely onboard, you will have to apply for the temporary work visa in the ESDC, to begin with, the procedures.
If your employer who is hiring you is located in the provinces of Quebec, you (as a foreign worker) have to get the certificate of acceptation du Quebec or commonly known as CAQ in order to work in your company temporarily. Without these documents, you will not be allowed to enter Quebec or Canada. There are lots of professions in the province of Quebec that is facilitated and has certain eligibility for streamlined processing. The employer need not have to perform any local recruitment efforts as the procedure suggests, and can rather directly apply for the foreign worker’s visa. Once the visa is approved, you can start working for the company in your designated position in Quebec.
Quebec is also known for its strictness when it comes to granting visas. Hence, you will have to ensure that you have all your documents ready and intact to pass through the verification processes.
In most of the cases, people who have received the job offer from the Canadian employers have to obtain a temporary work visa in order to work in Canada. A temporary work visa is issued for a designated period of time which may range for a few months to a few years. However, in most cases, the procedure to apply for the work visa is twofold. Initially, your company will be receiving certain permission from the Canadian government to hire an employee outside Canada. Once the access is granted, you will have to apply for the position, go through the interviews, and if hired, you will have to obtain the necessary work permit. All these are complicated tasks and have to perform carefully.
The work visa that is issued to you based on your job role will be tied to your job that you will be doing. Consequently, a foreign worker will work for the company specified on the work permit he or she possesses. If the individual finds another job and wishes to change the company, he or she has to apply for the work permit again in order to perform another job within Canada, provided you have already applied for permanent resident status in Canada.
Step 4: Work permit will be issued.
Once all your documentation is successfully submitted and verified, an officer from the Canada Border Services Agency will grant your visa application and issue the work permit when you arrive in Canada.